Executive Summary: Taiwan is among the highest-ranked Asian societies for press freedom and media independence, but it lacks widespread international recognition as a sovereign state. China considers Taiwan to be a rogue province that must be fully reabsorbed into China’s communist government. China attempts to influence Taiwanese attitudes through content published on traditional and emerging media platforms. These factors make Taiwan’s educational system a strong candidate for establishing a national media literacy curriculum. This analysis recommends Taiwan add a media literacy strategy to its current 12-Year Basic Education plan. Recommended measures include prioritizing media education from elementary through high school and teaching students about the nature and function of propaganda.